My number one suggestion is that if you want a good turntable, do not get an all in one that has speakers built into it. Generally, those things just tend to sound like crap and they aren't really versatile in the sound quality category. You'll want to get a turntable, an amp for that turntable, and two speakers for decent quality. When it comes to brands, I'm not quite sure yet, but I can relay that back to you when I take a look at the equipment I've owned before. My dad owns a massive load of audio equipment in his record shop, so he could give me some good advice as well.
When looking for a turntable, you can go to pawn shops and thrift stores - even GoodWill would have some decent ones, you just have to look in the right places. Online you can probably find some good quality stuff off of Amazon or EBay.